Known commonly as “lazy eye”, amblyopia is a vision development disorder that usually begins during infancy. It is somewhat common, with approximately 3% of Americans having some degree of amblyopia.
In most cases amblyopia only affects one eye, though rarely it can occur in both.
Amblyopia can usually be corrected assuming that it is managed and treated early. However, if left untreated, amblyopia can lead to serious visual problems, including double vision, and may even result in blindness.
It is important that every child have their first eye exam at six months of age, again when they are age three, and again before they enter kindergarten. Book an eye exam for your child.
There are three causes of amblyopia:
Most kids have a hard time explaining their vision to adults, especially if the concern that the adults are trying to diagnose is something the child has lived with since birth- they simply may not know any better.
The best and most effective way to monitor your child’s eye health is via regular eye exams.
When treating amblyopia, early detection and treatment are extremely important. There is no substitute for a comprehensive eye exam.
The American Optometric Association recommends that kids have their first eye exam at six months, another at age three, and another prior to entering school. Following this schedule, any vision challenges should be well-documented and addressed by the time the child enters school.
Vision therapy is a common treatment for amblyopia in both kids and adults. Vision therapy uses various tools and exercises to strengthen the weaker eye and to train your mind to properly use it.
Amblyopia caused by strabismus is often treated with strabismus surgery, which properly aligns the eye. Following surgery, vision therapy is used to teach the eyes to work together.